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February 1998
1998 Editors' Awards February 1998 March 1998 April 1998 May 1998 September 1998 October 1998


Newsletter - February, 1998


THANK YOU, LAPIDARY JOURNAL! - Large Gift to Scholarship Foundation Louellen Montgomery

1998 AFMS -- MWF CONVENTION HOUGHTON, MICHIGAN - Steve Whelan, Show Chairman

DEE'S DOIN'S - Dee Holland, President, AFMS


LOUD & CLEAR - Big Changes at Ouartzite - George Loud






SAFETY NOTE - DON'T STOP ON EMPTY! - Dorothy & Glenn Lee





SAFETY - IT'S JUST DUST, ISN'T IT - Part I - Peter R. Girardot, PhD






Needs entry blank


Charles Leach, Endowment Fund
Glenn Lee, Ways and Means

An Endowment Fund and Ways And Means Report On The Jackson Show
We would like to thank all those who participated in the Endowment Fund raffle held at the 50th Anniversary Show in Jackson. This includes those who donated items for the raffle, those who purchased tickets and those who helped at the table. Slightly more than $2000 was raised including $968 from tickets for the walrus carved by Virgil Keltz. We would especially like to thank our wives, Betty and Dorothy, for their diligent assistance at the table, and BonnieGlismann and Bev Dillon for their super work selling tickets for the walrus.

Following are the donated items, donors, and winners: - Walrus carved by Virgil Keltzt NFMS To: John Haworth - Pearls by Terri Ewers, CFMS, TO: Ed Romack - Amethyst ring by Lewis Elrod, SFMS, To: Tom Rightmer - Faceted CZ by Al Whitney, CFMS, To: Mona Leach - Opal cab by Tax Willoughby, CFMS, To: Mary Jane Boutwell - Hessonite garnet by Friends of Mineralogy, RMFMS, To: Flicka Leach - Rhodochrosite by Friends of Mineralogy, RMFMS To: Lois Pattillo - Laguna pendant by Ruby Lingelbach, RMFMS, To: Candace Holliday - Obsidian knife by Terry Hayes NFMS, To: Patricia Jones - Scenic miniature by Howard Carter, CFMS To: Marge Collins - Smoky quartz ring by Lewis Elrod, SFMS, To: Jean Wallace - Tiger eye pendant by Cliff Godbold, CFMS, To: Dick Glismann - Silver sculpture by Charles Leach, CFMS To: Mel Albright - Fossil case by Aurora Fossil Museum, EFMLS To: Bob Marshall - Quartz crystal by Fred Schaefermeyers EFMLS, To: Kevin Hardy - Hematite crystals by Fred Schaefermeyer, EFMLS To: Dan Lingelbach - Fluorescent specimen by Franklin Museum EFMLS To: Dan Lingelbach - Rutilated quartz by New York State Museum, EFMLS, To: Sarah Gorday - Fire agate pendant by Marilyn Cummins, CFMS, To: Ruth Bailey - Chalcopyrite on quartz by NY State
Museum EFMLS, To: Robert Vroaskovich - Fossil pecten by Aurora Fossil Museum EFMLS, To: Anne Bennett - Whale vertebra by Aurora Fossil Museum EFMLS To: Robert Vroaskovich - Silver necklace by Marge Collins, MWFMGS, To: Betty Luke - Stones from Statue of Liberty by Keesa Stewart, CFMS, To: Bev Dillon - Blue quartz pendant by Ed Romack, NFMS, To: Betty Luke - onyx sphere by Cal Clason, CFMS, To: Bob Pevahouse - Smithsonite by Chaparral Rockhounds, RMFMS, To: Rena Everett - Soapstone carving by Agnes Hall, CFMS To: Hideko Pezant- Citrine ring by Lewis Elrod, SFMS, To: Izzy Burns.



- Large Gift to Scholarship Foundation
Louellen Montgomery, President
A.FMS Scholarship Foundation

Are you a subscriber to the LAPIDARY JOURNAL? If so, then you probably know the July 1997 issue commemorated 50 years of publication! Pages 99 through 117 of this issue contained a special commemorative advertising section, also noting the 50th Anniversary of the American Federation of Mineralogical Societies. In the preface to the advertising, it stated that the
LAPIDARY JOURNAL would donate 15% of the revenue from these advertisements to the AFMS Scholarship Foundation.

They did! In August, the Foundation received a check in the amount of $3,840.00! Again, we say, THANK YOU, LAPIDARY JOURNAL! The Foundation issued a Founder's Certificate to the magazine and sent it to Mr. Leif Owen Klein, the Publisher, in recognition of this generous contribution.

Following this - the September 1997 issue of the LAPIDARY JOURNAL contained an article, "Money to Learn", written by Sharon Elaine Thompson, about the A.FMS Scholarship Foundation. This article includes conversations she had with some of the students who had received scholarship grants, some of the Honorary Award Winners, and some of the Directors of
the Foundation. If you have not read it, we suggest you get a copy of that issue and read how the AFMS Scholarship Foundation has helped many individuals to achieve their educational goals. Once again, our THANKS to the LAPIDARY JOURNAL!



Steve Whelan, Show Chairman

COMBINE: Lake Superior on three sides, the A.E. Seaman Mineral Museum, a beautiful forested landscape, a unique set of geological circumstances providing marvelous field collecting, AND WHAT DO YOU HAVE? RED GOLD and TARNISHED SILVER, the 1998 combined MWF and AFMS Field-Trip Convention and show in Houghton, Michigan.
The Copper Country Rock & Mineral Club is hosting the upcoming event August 11 through August 16, 1998, in the Keweenaw Peninsula, heart of the beautiful Lake Superior Copper District.

CONVENTION ACTIVITIES will be held on the campus of Michigan Technological University, all sites within walking distance of one another. Federation meetings will be held Tuesday through Saturday, the Awards Banquet, open to any registered participant, is scheduled for Saturday evening on Tech's campus. In most cases field trips have been scheduled to accommodate delegates, and not preclude them from participation due to required meeting attendance.

FIELD TRIPS are our specialty. This field-trip-convention will present a unique collecting opportunity for the rockhound/mineral collector. We have over 20 guided surface collecting trips in Baraga, Houghton, Keweenaw and Ontonagon Counties scheduled, and confirmed, for Monday through Saturday. Some of these will be to privately- owned rock piles that have been made available to us for this special event. At most locations we will be bulldozing the rock piles
to expose fresh material before EACH trip. There will be a small fee per-person per-trip to defray the costs of dozing. As each field trip will be limited to a pre-set number of collectors, pre- registration is a must. Arrangements have been made for 3 guided underground collecting tours at the working Caledonia Mine in Ontonagon County, the only remaining active mine in the Lake Superior Copper District. Again, pre-registration is a must. There will be a higher fee for these 3 trips: underground safety equipment is provided. A complete list Of collecting sites (including site maps, schedules, and distances) is Provided on our Web site and in the registration' Packets.

EQUIPMENT to Consider: safety glasses, hard hats, sturdy boots, leather gloves; not-so- necessary-but-nice: collecting bags, loupe, rock hammers and chisels; and, finally, very-very- nice: a Metal detector.

TRANSPORTATION: Every field-site is accessible by family car. However, for those needing site-transportation, arrangements have been made with M- T U-'s Transportation Office to have 11 -Passenger vans available daily to transport to and from the collecting sites. Should pre-registration indicate that a sufficient number Of Participants require site-transportation (i.e. motorhomes without separate car, fly-ins, group transport from out of area, etc.), reserved
seating will be available. A minimal round-trip charge (approx. $2/person) will be necessary to defray costs. Be sure to indicate need when registering.

WEBSITE: www.portup.com/~swhelan/ccrmc/ Our Web site is up and running, Provided by "The Portage" Internet Provider in Houghton. Visit us to find: schedule of sites of Federation meetings; complete list of field trips including times, maps, collectible materials and fees; lodging; camping; restaurants, mineral photographs, and email link directly to the show
chairman. You'll even be able to print your registration form to mail-in, avoiding the wait for information packets to get to your home/office. The site will be updated right up until the show in August so visit often to keep up to date.

SHOW: Friday through Sunday, August 14-16. The Gates Tennis Center of the Student Development Complex on the M.T.U. Campus will be the 3-day home to 18 dealers, competitive exhibits, demonstrators, special exhibits, silent auction, and a swap area. On site you'll find ample free paved parking and refreshments.

SUGGESTIONS: If you have any suggestions or ideas to help (a favorite dealer, demonstrator, or desire to volunteer) we'd appreciate hearing from you. Please contact me at: Route 1, Box 406, Calumet, MI 49913; 906/337-2599 after 6 p.m.; email, swhelan@portup.com

We'll see you next August!!



Dee Holland, President, AFMS

The holidays are over and the new year has arrived. This year I am starting with positive plans for the future. I will be retiring the first of April, so hopefully will be able to attend the Regional Federation Shows. The first of these shows for this year will be the South Central Federation show to be held in Corpus Christie, Texas, February 28, March 1, 1998.

The AFMS Newsletter circulation has been increased to (3) three copies for each club or society, we need to have the names and addresses of the persons that are to receive these copies sent to Dan McLennan PO Box 26523, Oklahoma City, OK, 73126-0523. I would ask that each regional federation newsletter include a reminder to the clubs in their newsletters.

Communicating between the AFMS, the Regional Federations and on to the individual clubs and members has been a problem because the information is late getting out via our newsletters. At the present time it is the best method we have, we do however, have a committee working on setting up a Web Site on the Internet, so those who have access to this media could spread the information around much faster.


To underline what President Dee says above, Dan McLennan asks that every club and/or federation send in the names and addresses of those THREE members who should receive the free copies of the AFMS Newsletter. In the past, it was assumed that the President and the Bulletin Editor should receive a copy. Now each club should add someone new as well as making sure all three names and addresses are up to date.
One big problem has been that clubs do not notify the AFMS Central Office when elections go by or editors change. Please make that a part of your change of officers routine. Dan recently cut off subscriptions to a very large number of people who could not be identified as being designated by their club to receive a copy of the Newsletter.
Additional subscriptions to the Newsletter are available for $3.50 a year through the AFMS Central Office. Send your information to:CENTRAL OFFICE ADMINSTRATON: Dan McLennan, PO box 26523, Oklahoma City, OK 73126-0523 (405) 682-2151
ANY QUESTIONS ABOUT SUBSCRIPT-IONS should also be sent to Dan. The Newsletter Editor has nothing to do with the maintenance of the mailing list.

Flowers can help to understand words which make a lot of matter,
Rocks can not say a word but are most lovely.
----parts of a poem from Wang, An-Shih of Sung Dynasty----



Big Changes at Ouartzite
By George Loud
Chair, Conservation & Legislation Committee

Two good members of our rockhound fraternity, Marv and Kitty Starbuck (Kitty is Editor of the Midwest Federation Newsletter), received a ticket last year in Quartzite for "Camping in an area posted as closed to camping - (Supplementary Rules)." The fine was $50.00 and Marv and Kitty suddenly became unhappy campers.

If you are planning to visit Quartzite in February, please read the following and take care that the BLM does not ruin your vacation. New BLM Rules, adopted as part of the La Posa Interdisciplinary Management Plan, published July 1997, greatly restrict parking in and around Quartzite. Within a 121,500 acre zone around Quartzite, indicated by the bold black line on the
map, "camping" will be allowed only in the La Posa LTVA (long term visitor area) and in 5 designated 14-day camping areas. The 5 14-day camping areas, shown on the map below, are: 1. Dome Rock Camping Area 2.Roadrunner Camping Area (Mile marker 99) 3.Scaddan Wash Camping Area 4. Polmosa Road Camping Area 5.High Jolly Camping Area (Mile marker 112) On BLM land outside of the 121,500 acre zone shown on the map only you may camp on BLM public land but only within 100 feet of a designated road or trail and only for a maximum period of 14 days. You will not be allowed to camp beside a road within the designated 121,500 acre zone unless within the LTVA or one of the five 14-day camping areas.
The BLM will conduct routine ranger patrols to ensure boundary and camping closure compliance. A BLM volunteer will be stationed in the Quartzite Town Hall during the winter visitation period to provide information to the public.

Map of INNER Control Area around Quartzite
LTVA - Long Term Visitor Area (9/15-4/15)
Striped areas - Designated Camping Areas (14 day use) - Outside the inner control zone, camping allowed within 100 Feet of Designated Road only (14 day use)


Evangeline Watson,
Past President of the Southeast Federation of Mineralogical Societies, died Wednesday,
November 19, 1997


By Marge Collins
Chair, Program Competition

('Amateur' productions)

Winner in Class 1: Educational
� "MINERALS IN MEDICINE" 36 slides approx. 25 min. by Shirley Turski & Lee VanIderstine, New Haven Mineral Club (EFLMS) Many minerals are used in medications, medical equipment and treatments. Also included are some gemstones reputed to have therapeutic value.

Winners in Class 2: Field Collecting
� "AGATE & WOOD FROM TEXAS BIG BEND & MEXICO" 86 slides approx. 25 min. by Ruby Lingelbach, Stillwater Mineral & Gem Society (RFMLS) Numerous samples of colorful agates and petrified wood are included along with various hints of what to expect if you travel to these areas.
� "AUSTRALIA & NEW ZEALAND - THROUGH THE EYES OF A ROCKHOUND" 101 slides approx. 25 min. by Joyce & Willis Smith, McDonnell Douglas Gem & Mineral Society (MWF) Visit a large show and meet rockhounds on a trip 'down under'. See many areas along with some of the materials obtained.
Winner in Class 3: 'How-To-Do-It'
� "SOAPSTONE CARVING" 42 slides approx. 35 min. by Andre Dube, Skagit Rock & Gem Club (NFMS)
Samples and explanation of basic styles of carving are shown along with tools, tips and the progress of one piece - start to finish.

1997 "EXCELLENCE IN EDUCATION" Winners ('Professional' productions)

"CUSTOM WIRE WRAP JEWELRY - Part One" VHS Video I hour 16 minutes Alice Turner Central Michigan Lapidary & mineral Society (MWF) Basic tools and techniques and how to make an adjustable ring, bracelet, cabochon pendant,
cabochon ring and earrings. (Also available for purchase from author $20.00)
� "CUSTOM WIRE WRAP JEWELRY - Part Two" VHS Video 53 minutes by Alice Turner (as above)
This tape shows stacked prong pendant, a chain, butterfly, 'Basil's ring ' and the simple bead ring. (Also available for purchase from author $20.00)
� "INTRICATE INTARSIA" VHS Video 39 minutes by Philip Magistro, Pinellas Geological Society (SFMS)
Beginning where (1996 Winner) "Introduction to Intarsia leaves off, with detailed instructions for a more complicated cabochon size mosaic. (Also available for purchase from author $39.95)

The above programs will be available from the Regional Libraries. Contact your Regional Librarian to reserve these or other programs for Club or individual use.


Bonnie Glismann Chair, 1-1-1

Last nomination of 1997
� CHERYL COUNCIL, CONEJO GEM & MINERAL CLUB, Conejo, CA; Presently President more than two years - has served as membership chair, and secretary. Through her determination, she met her goal of "Sweepstakes Award" for her club by inspiring 16 members to enter competition in Ventura and winning 23 trophies.
Following Nominated for 1998
� MARY SULLIVAN, HIGHLANDS GEM AND MINERAL CLUB, Sebring, FL: Mary is a charter member of her club, has held every Position possible, has lectured and displayed in all phases of her lapidary expertise. Fossils are her present interest. She is concentrating her efforts at schools, interesting young people in fossils and sharing fossils with them. Mary is truly the"bedrock" of her club.
� JIM AND JUDY BUDNIK, KYANA GEOLOGY SOCIETY, Louisville, KY: Jim and Judy Budnik have held our club together since they joined just a few years ago. They became the editors when the club did not have one (1992-1996) and won many awards in the EFMLS, SFMS, and AFMS. They have helped out with club shows; they did educational programs, and were our field trip chairpersons (1992-1995). They were Kentucky State Director (1996), chaired the
annual picnic (1994-1995) and helped our club in many other ways. They now make a two and one-half hour drive from Ohio to our meetings. They are a huge support to our club.
� GEORGE HOLMES, MAGIC VALLEY GEM CLUB, Twin Falls, ID; George has served as president twice and held many other offices. At show time, he is our number one person. He donates rocks, and tools and gives instruction on how to make spheres, cabs and arrowheads. He helps the scouts and goes to schools and teaches anyone who wants to learn about rocks. In 1998 he will serve as Vice President, Federation Director, parliamentarian, By-Laws and Public Relations Chair. Magic Valley Gem Club is fortunate to have such a dedicated member.
� JUDY CRAWFORD, HIGH POINT GEM AND MINERAL CLUB, High Point, NC; Judy has led the club for three years. During this time she led the club to raise $9,600 in scholarship money to support two club members in college who are studying geology. Club unity and fellowship are still strong.
� CHUCK MCKIE, FAIRFIELD LAPIDARY SOC. Northern CA Field Trip Chair, Director, Editor, displays his case and the Club's case at many shows in CA and his field trip collections at the local library. He is lapidary instructor at the Senior Center. Need help? Call Chuck.
� LARRY RICHEY, SEARCHERS GEM & MINERAL SOC. Active since joining the Club - first year Co-Chair of annual show. Displays and demonstrates at shows, instructs youths in lapidary arts - main involvement is veterans rehabilitation center in Long Beach, teaching lapidary & jewelry making - sometimes on "Richey" modified equipment to be more easily usable for handicapped veterans. A real asset to our Club.
� SAM BORGES, BOULDER GEM CLUB (NV); for services past & present. He has held many offices and for quite a few years has served as historian, publicity person, mini-show Chair, lapidary instructor, and workshop-meeting planner and director. He has also been generous in donations of lapidary material & findings.
� EDITH OSBORN, YUCAIPA GEM & MINERAL CLUB (life member) She has been treasurer for the club for many years and saved the club over $5000. in income taxes by her efforts.



by Bonnie Glissman, Chair

The AFMS recognition program, EACH CLUB-EACH YEAR-ONE ROCKHOUND, is a continuous program in which each club is allowed to recignize one member each year for their outstanding work as rockhounds. Nominations can be submitted at any time during the year. There is no deadline date. Also, no waiting to see your nominee recognized. Nominations will be submitted for publication throughout the year.
The AFMS Committee makes no distinction as to who is recognized and who is not. ALL names submitted for recognition will be published in the AFMS Newsletter. The only restriction is that each club may submit only one nomination per year. For this program, married couples are considered as "one". If a club submits a second nomination within a year, that nomination will be held and published the next year.
Reasons for the nomination should be kept short and simple. Please tell us the name of the club, city and state where located and the individual sending the information. Nominations should be sent to your Federatiion representative. We look foreward to hearing from all our AFMS affiliated clubs.
Editor's Note: Representatives are listed elsewhere in the Newsletter.

� The very powerful and the very stupid have one thing in common. Instead of altering their views to fit the facts, they alter the facts to fit their views...which can be very uncomfortable if you happen to be one of the facts that needs altering. -- Doctor Who, Face of Evil
� The only purpose for which power can be rightfully exercised over any member of a civilized community, against his will, is to prevent harm to others. His own good, either physical or moral, is not a sufficient warrant. -- John Stuart Mill, On Liberty
� Ninety percent of the game is half mental.
-----Yogi Berra
� You can build a throne with bayonets, but you can't sit on it for long. ------ Boris Yeltsin
� Two rights don't make a wrong, but three will get you back on the freeway.
-- James Wesley Jackson
� Football combines two of the worst things about American life. It is violence punctuated by committee meetings. -- George Will
� Time is nature's way of keeping everything from happening all at once.
� Heisenberg may have been here.



By Marge Collins
Chair, Program Competition

Effective with the 1998 Competition, cash prizes of $100.00 will be given to the highest scoring amateur program in each Class -"Educational", "Field Collecting", "How-To-Do-It" and "Just for Juniors".Winners must have a score of 95 points ormore.
A part of the competition at its inception in 1977, these prizes were discontinued in 1985 when budgets were reduced to avoid an increase in dues. Since dues were raised in 1993 reserves have accumulated and it seems appropriate to reinstate these prizes in an effort to attract and reward the highest caliber amateur slide and video programs in a substantial way.
Clubs across the country and their members are the beneficiaries when they borrow these programs as a means of learning more about the Earth Sciences. The "Excellence in Education" Award is given to programs available for resale. There is no cash prize in this category since the producers do receive reimbursement based on sales.
There are no changes in the rules for the 1998 Competition. The deadline for entry is April 15th.
Anyone wanting more information or an entry form can contact their Regional Librarian or Program Competition coordinator.
(Ed. Note: Form elsewhere in this issue.)
Marge Collins 3017 Niles-Buchanan Rd. Buchanan, MI 49107 (616)695-4313


Dorothy & Glenn Lee

That's a lesson we learned in our travel trailer on our way home from the Jackson Show. We stopped Friday afternoon in a trailer court along Highway 50 out of Lamar, CO. Rain began during the night and soon turned to snow and by morning a blizzard was raging and drifts were several feet deep. The blizzard continued all day Saturday with snow blowing into the trailer through the windows and door and by evening the electricity and phones were out and the court's water supply frozen. The wind blew even harder Saturday night but died down Sunday morning. However, drifts completely blocked the highway so that no traffic could get through.
The court had no propane so we were completely dependent upon the propane, water and batteries in our trailer as the temperature dropped to 13 F. Fortunately, we had not stopped on empty (except for our holding tanks). After three very uncomfortable (but survivable) nights, the highway was plowed and by Monday afternoon we could continue on our way home, but we hate to think of how it would have been had we not had propane, water, good batteries and gas in the

The Dason company in North Carolina is famous for its home mixing machines. They have a
slogan in their advertising which reads like this: "When in the South, y'all, be sure to come to
see the famous Dason Mixin' Line



The annual Northwest International Faceting Conference will be held in Mount Vernon, Washington, on Friday, May 22, Saturday, May 23, and Sunday, May 24,1998. Preparations and setup will begin on Friday afternoon, with the evening hours (6 to 8:30 p.m.) being spent in informal gatherings including some demonstrations, displays and dealers. The dealers this year
will be B&B Gems from Butte, Montana with faceting rough and finished gemstones and Alpha Supply from Bremerton, Washington which will bring faceting equipment and supplies. Saturday, May 23rd and Sunday, May 24th there will be a series of interesting and informative presentations by artisans such as Larry Winn, Marie Claire Dole, Cliff Jackson, Carl Unruh, gemologist Roger Frost and others.
There will be a single stone competition for Novice, Muster, Champion, and Past Champion trophies to be presented at an awards luncheon on Saturday , May 23. For additional information contact Carroll Dillon, 909 Carter Rd., Sedro-Woolley, WA 98284 (360) 856-5581.

� Save the whales. Collect the whole set.
� A day without sunshine is like, night.
� On the other hand, you have different fingers.
� I just got lost in thought.. It was unfamiliar territory.
� When the chips are down, the buffalo is empty.
� Those who live by the sword get shot by those who don't.
� I feel like I'm diagonally parked in a parallel universe.
� You have the right to remain silent. Anything you say will be misquoted, then used against you.
Save the whales. Collect the whole set.
� A day without sunshine is like, night.

It was a dark and dreary pre-dawn morning. The ice fisherman inched his way onto he ice. He pulled out is ice auger and started to drill. From out of the dark came a deep voice "There are no fish there." So, the fisherman moved on to another spot. Again came the voice: "There are no fish there." A third time, the fisherman found a likely spot and started to drill. Again came the voice: "There are no fish there." Looking around in the gloom, the fisherman saw no one, but he called out "Who are you". Back came the voice "I'm the rink manager."

I went up into the attic with the wife the other day. Dirty, filthy, covered in cobwebs. But she's good with the kids. I found this violin and this picture. I took them along to the auctioneer, he says what you've got there is a Stradivarius and a Rembrandt. Unfortunately, Stradivarius was a rotten painter, and Rembrandt couldn't make violins.



PRESIDENT: Dee Holland, Box 23, Tendoy ID, 83468-0023, (208) 756-2394 - NFMS
PRESIDENT ELECT: Lewis Elrod, 2699 Lascassas Pike, Murfreesboro TN, 37130, (615) 893-8270 - SFMS
FIRST VICE PRESIDENT: Dr. Robert Carlson, 1585 Los Pueblos, Los Alamos NM 87544, (505) 662-5534 - RMFMS
SECOND VICE PRESIDENT: Isabella Bums, 1038 Bradshawe, Monterey Park CA, 91754, (818) 288-2896 - CFMS
THIRD VICE PRESIDENT: Shirley Greenberg, 85 Carpenter Rd., Hopewell Junction NY, 12533, (914) 221-5457 - EFMLS
FORTH VICE PRESIDENT: Bill Jennings 3515 Knottyash Drive, San Antonio TX, 78230, (512) 696-7427 - SCFMS
FIFTH VICE PRESIDENT: Marvin Starbuck, 7636 V Ave. E., Vicksburg MI, 49097, (616) 649- 1991 - MFMS
SECRETARY/CENTRAL OFFICE ADMINSTRATON: Dan McLennan, PO box 26523, Oklahoma City, OK 73126-0523 (405) 682-2151
TREASURER: Toby Cozens, 4401 S.W. Hill Street, Seattle, WA 98116-1924 (206) 937-7872

CALIFORNIA: BEVERLY MOREAU, President, 3113 Topaz Lane, Apt. A, Fullerton, CA 92831- 2374 - KEN KRUSCHKE, Vice President, 3001 Baylor St., Bakerfield, CA 93305-2209
EASTERN; MARY JANE BOUTWELL, President, 367 Virlillia Rd, Canton, MS 39046 - HOWARD
BINKLEY, Rt. 1, Box 281A, Butler, GA 31006-9801
MIDWEST; HAROLD RICE, President, 122 Lois Lane, Mt. Clemens, Ml 48043-2243 - NEIL
SNEPP, Vice President, 1325 Orlando Dr., Haslett, MI 48840
NORTHWEST; J. C. GILPATRICK, President, P. 0. Box 871, Lewistown, MT 59457-0871 -
LINDA KELTZ, Vice President, 3612 West 6th St., Anacortex, WA 98221-1234
ROCKY MOUNTAIN; RUBY LINGELBACH, President, 1116 S. Gray, Stillwater, OK 74074 -
BARBARA MATZ, Vice President, 1316 Stanford NE, Albuquerque NM 87106-3724
SOUTH CENTRAL; GEORGE BROWNE, President, 1204 Dragon Drive, Round Rock, TX
78681-4948 - BILL PATTILLO, Vice President, 61 9 Wright St., Robstown, TX 78380-3815&127;
SOUTHEAST; JIM ROBINSON, President, 1058 Wilderland Dr., Jacksonville, FL 32225 - SARA
LEE BOYCE, Vice President, 114 The Loop Road, Mt. Holly, NC 28120








AFMS ENDOWMENT FUND: Charles Leach, 7013 Jamieson Ave, Reseda CA, 91355, (818) 342-1443
EFMLS: Bruce Berger, Stream Lane Pleasant Valley NY 12569 (914) 635-3117
MFMS: Marv Starbuck, 7636 V Ave East Vicksburg MI 49079 (616) 649-1991
NFMS: Richard Glismann, 4326 South 200 West Ogden UT 84405 (801) 392-7832
RMFMS: Dan Lingelbach, 1116 South Gray St Stillwater OK 74074-5446 (405) 372-8635
SCFMS: Ed Ries, 4611 37th St Lubbock TX 794l4 (806) 799-2722
SFMS: Martin L Hart, 4935 Olivia Dr Antioch TN 37013-3570 (615) 331-2690

AFMS NEWSLETTER: Mel Albright: Rt. 3 box 8500 Bartlesville OK, 74003, (918) 336-8036,
CFMS: Ken Kruschke, 3001 Baylor St Bakersfield, CA 93305-2209 (805) 871-8853
EFMLS: Carolyn Weinberger, PO Box 302, Glyndon, MD 21071 (410) 833-7926
MFMS: Kitty Starbuck, 7636 V Ave. East, Vicksburg, MI 49079 (616) 649-1991
NFMS: Nancy & Whit Freund, 2156 West 5075 So, Roy, UT 84067 (801) 776-1868
RMFMS: James J Selby, 3108 Crestridge Dr, Farmington, NM 87401 (505) 325-"7612
SCFMS: Gaila Ries, 4611 37th St, Lubbock, TX 79414 (806) 799-2722
SFMS: John Watkins, 299 Edwards School House Rd., Loudon, TN 37774 (423) 458-5292

AFMS SCHOLARSHIP FOUNDATION: * President: Louellen Montgomery, 1184 Collins, Topeka
KS, 66604, (913) 354-1290: * Vice President: Dee Holland, P.O. Box 23, Tendoy ID, 83468,
(208) 756-2394: * Secretary: Keesa Stewart, 153 Scenic Ct., Concord CA, 94518, (510) 682-
1627: * Treasurer: Dan McLennan, P.O. Box 26523, 0klahoma City OK, 73 I26-0523, (405) 682-

AUDITING: AFMS SCHOLARSHIP: Arlene Burkhalter, 6112 SE. 3rd, Midwest city OK, 73110

BOUNDARIES: Roger Barnett, 115 Hilpine Dr. Simpsonville SC, 29681, (803) 963-5183
CFMS - Mary Anderson, 2524 Andrade Ave., Richmond, CA 94804 (510) 234-9111
EFMLS - Barbara Sky, 5927 3rd St. N, Arlington, VA 22203 (703) 528-8895
MFMS - Calvin George, 1824 Harvest Lane, Glendale, Hts, IL 60139 (630) 668-2502
NFMS - Linn Kannegaard, 18711 Crystal Mtn. Rd., Three Forks, MT 59753 (406) 285-3143
RMFMS - Joe McIntosh, 701 S. Dobson #473, Mesa, AZ 85202 (602) 827-1776
SCFMS - William Pattillo, 619 Wright, Robstown, TX 73380 (512) 387-5190
SFMS - Eleanor Wallace, 2810 N. Rosswood Dr., Mobile, AL 36606 (334) 473-5936

BULLETIN EDITORS HALL OF FAME: Shirley Leeson, 6155 Haas Ave., La Mesa CA, 91942,
(619) 460-6128

BY LAWS REVISORY: Chair; Calvin George, 1824 Harvest Lane, Glendale Hts IL, 60139, (630)
668-2502; Margaret F. Heinek, 7091 E. East Park Lane, New Carlisle, IN, 46552 (219) 654-
3673; Fred C. Schaefermeyer, PO Box 10119, Alexandria, VA 22310-0119

CLUB PUBLICATIONS: Kitty Starbuck, 7636 V. Ave East, Vicksburg W 49079, (616) 649-1991
CFMS: JoAnna Richey, 224 Oaks Ave, Monrovia CA 91016 (818) 359-1624
EFMLS: Barbara Fenstermacher, 3424 Meadow Dr Aiken, SC 29801-2851 (803)649-0959
MFMS: Walt Vogtman,10455 Hart, Huntington Woods, MI 48070 (313) 547-2057
RMFMS: Pauline Price, 1480 E 3350 So, Salt Lake City, UT 84106 (801) 467-0662
SCFMS: Jean Wallace, 105 E Victory, Temple TX 76501 (817) 778-8122
SFMS: John Watkins, 299 Edwards School Rd Loudon, TN 37774 (615) 458-5292

COMMEMORATIVE STAMPS: Lillian Turner, 6627 Radnor Rd., Bethesda MD, 20817- 6324, (301) 229-6663
EFMLS: Wendell Mohr, 9509 Emery Grove Rd Gaithersburg MD 20877 (301) 926-7190
CONSERVATION AND LEGISLATION: George Loud, 9709 Layminister Ln, Vienna, VA 22182- 4405 (703) 319-7923
CFMS: Jim Strain, 1920 Underwood Rd, Holtville, CA 92250 (619) 356-2361
EFMLS: see chairman
MFM.S: Dean Stone, 437 Lafayette St, Macomb IL 61455 309-833-2797 home (309) 833 237E
NFMS: Jon Spunaugle, 13730 NE 12th Apt 201, Bellevue WA 98005 (206) 957-1343
RMFMS: Dean Richardson, 1223 N 1500 West Salt Lake City UT 84116 (801) 595-6750
SCFMS: Grady Shults, 816 Harmon Ter, Arlington, TX 76010 (817) 265-2560
SFMS: Edna Morris, 1463 Nebo Rd Dallas GA 30132 404-445-92174

CONSERVATION AND LEGISLATION: George Loud, 9709 Layminister Ln, Vienna, VA 22182-4405 (703) 319-7923


EACH CLUB- EACH YEAR-ONE ROCKHOUND: Bonnie Glismann, 4326 S. 200th West, Ogden UT, 84405, (801) 392-7832
CFMS - Grant & Toni Ewers, 12 Hillcrest Lane, Boulder City, NV 89005-1607 (702) 293-5106
EFMLS - Duane Evans, 28 Ash St., Portsmouth RI 02871 (401) 683-9536
MFMS - Nellie Claxton, 1001 Wilshire Dr., Mt. Vernon, IL 61102 (618) 242-2193
NFMS - Jean Brooks, 1405 Clearbrook Dr., SE, Apt. F104, Lacy, WA 98503 (360) 493-8380
RMFMS - Mary Clough, 3065 Everett, Wichita, KS 67217 (316) 943-2267
SCFMS - Virginia Brotherton, 2512 Bamberry Dr., Ft. Worth, TX 76133 (817) 346-1583
SFMS - Dee Conybear, 606 Timberlane Dr Lake Mary FL 32746 407-324-3846

EDUCATION - ALL-AMERICAN: Lyle and Collen Kugler, 612 So. E 3rd St., Alledo IL, 61231 (309) 582-7364
CFMS - Beverly Berg, 24391 Wagon Wheel Lane, Lake Elsinore, CA 92532 (909) 244-6615
EFMLS - Bob Livingston, 59 Ely Dr., Fayetteville, NY 13066 (305) 446-4505
MFMS - Randy Phillips, 1139 Crooks St., Green Bay, WI 54301 (414) 437-4979
NFMS - Jean Brooks, 1405 Clearbrook Dr., SC, Apt. F104, Lacy, WA 98503 (360) 352-2986
SFMS: Dee Conypear, 606 Timberlane Dr Lake Mary FL 32746 (407) 324-3846

ELIGIBILITY FILES: Anne Cook, 684 Quilliams Rd., Cleveland Heights OIL 44121, (216) 381-9003


FINANCIAL INVESTMENT: * Charles Leach, 7013 Jamieson Ave., Reseda CA, 91355, (818)
(342) 1443: * Dee Holland, P.O. Box 23, Tendoy ID, 83468, (208) 756-2394: * Lewis Elrod, 2699
Lascassas Pike, Murfreesboro TN, 37130, (615) 893-8270

HISTORIAN: Barbara Sky, 5927 3rd St., Arlington VA, 22203, (703) 528-8895

INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS: Ed Romack, 655 8th St., Idaho Falls ID, 83401, (208) 522-2620

JUNIOR PROGRAM: Kathy and Bob Miller, 1106 Clayton Drive, South Bend IN, 46614, (219) 291-0332
CFMS - Debbie Bunn, 2329 Howe Ave., Sacramento, CA 95825 (916) 929-6665
EFMLS - Mable Kingram-Gross, RR1 Box 7405, Solon, ME 04979-9419 (207) 643-2176
MFMS - Florence Anderson, 6 Deer Ridge, Quincy, IL 62301 (217) 222-2420
Co.-Ch. Colleen Kugler, 612 SE 3rd St., Aledo, IL 61231 (309) 582-7364
NFMS - Sue Holland, Box 23 Tendoy ID 83468-0023 (208) 756-2394
RMFMS - Howell Whiting, 2300 South Union, Roswell, NM 88201 (505) 622-5679
SCFMS - Dawn A. Smith, PO Box 402068, Austin, TX 78704 (512) 443-8420SFMS - Mary
Jane Boutwell, 368 Virlillia Rd., Canton, MS 39046 (601) 859-1240

Lane, New Carlisle IN, 46552, (219) 654-3673 and All interested Past Presidents

NAME BADGES: Frank Mullaney, 5705 Begonia Drive, San Jose CA, 95124, (408) 266-1791

NOMINATING: Margaret Heinek, New Carlisle IN, 46552, (219) 654-1290; Edward 0 Ries, 4611
37th St, Lubbock TX 79419 806-799 2722; Fred Schaeferlmeyer, 4603 Eaton PI, Alexandria, VA 22310

PARLIAMENTARIAN: Anne Cook, 684 Quilliams Rd., Cleveland Heights, OH 44121 (216) 381-9003

PROGRAM COMPETITIONS: Marge Collins, 3017 Niles-Buchanon Rd, Buchanon MI 49107, (616) 695-4313
CFMS - Edith Willoughby, 2547 Rollingwood Dr., Napa, CA 94558 (707) 224-3524
EFMLS - Fran Gallegos, 4003 Jeffery St., Wheaton, MD 20906 (301) 949-7238
MFMS - Marge Collins, 3017 Niles-Buchanan Rd., Buchanan, MI 49107 (616) 695-4313
NFMS - Mark Stephens , 9612 Sunburst Court SE Port Orchard WA 98367 (360) 895-0147
RMFMS - Nancy Hicks, 10 Donna Lane, Shawnee, OK 74801 (405) 273-0094
SCFMS - Les Weatherell, 6502 Jennings Dr., Austin, TX 78727 (512) 258-7227
SFMS - Freda Hull, PO Box 115, Grant, FL 32949 (407) 725-0847

PUBLIC RELATIONS: Patricia Mummert, 128 Sandalwood Dr., Rochester NY, 14626, (716) 663-1682

SAFETY: Mel Albright, Rt. 3 Box 8500, Bartlesville OK, 74003, (918) 336-8036, mela@galstar.com
CFMS: Joe Hafeli, 457 Seymor St Njgpa CA 94559 (707) 224-4177
EFMLS: Alex Wade, 63 Willowbrook Lane Brandon MS 39042-2149 (601) 825-9611
NFMS: Sam Miles, 1315 Ridge St Pocatello ID 83201 (208) 237-0327
RMFMS: Mel Albright, See Chairman
SCFMS: Peter Girardot, 1220 Acadamy Dr Arlington TX 76013-2309 (817) 275-7466
SFMS: Jim Ellis, 816 Tinkerbell Rd Chapel Hill NC 27514 (919) 967-3805

SAFETY MANUAL UPDATE: Les Anderson, 6447 N.E. 153rd St., Bothell WA, 98011, (206) 488- 7446

SHOW CONSULTANT: Shirley Leeson, 6155 Haas Ave., La Mesa CA 91942, (619) 460-6128

SUPPLY AND PUBLICATIONS: Jim Hurlbut, 2240 S. Adams, Denver CO, 80210, (303) 757- 0283
Dan McLennan, PO box 26523, Oklahoma City, OK 73126-0523 (405) 682-2151
CFMS - Renata Williams-Bever, PO Box 489, Patton, CA 92369 (909) 885-3918
EFMLS - Ned Reynolds, Box F (Broadway), Amenia, NY 12501 (914) 373-9548
MFMS - Dr. Benjamin Moulton, 300 York Dr., Terre Haute, IN 47802 (812) 234-3870
NFMS - Wes Davis, PO Box 603, Forest Grove, OR 97116 (503) 357-2093
RMFMS - Pearl Burden, 3897 SW Indianola Rd., Benton, KS 67017-9084 (316) 778-1485
SCFMS - Jonathin Moehring, 6004 Cohoke Dr Arlington TX 76018-2366
SFMS: Sam Campbell, 7732 Gill Lane Powell TN 37849 (423) 947-7829

UNIFORM RULES: * Anne Cook, 684 Quilliams Rd., Cleveland Heights OH 44121, (630) 668- 2502: * Roy Deere, 7041 Rhodes Place W., Melbourne FL, 32904, (407) 725-9179: * Jim Hurlbut, 2240 S. Adams, Denver CO, 80210, (303) 757-0283

WAYS AND MEANS: Glenn Lee, 704 S.W. 31st St., Pendelton OR, 97801, (503) 276-2365
CFMS: Shirley Leeson, 6155 Haas La Mesa CA 91942 (619) 460-6128
EFMLS: Terry Cirrincione, 1611 Decatur St NW Washington DC 20011 (202) 882-6317
MFMS: Kitty Starbuck, 7636 V Ave East Vicksburg MI 49079 (616) 649-1991
NFMS: Bonnie Glismann, 4326 South 200 West Ogden UT 84405 (801) 392-7832
RMFMS: Gene Potts, 1612 E 4th Ave Stillwater OK 74074
SCFMS: William Patillo, 619 Wright St Robstown TX 78380 (512) 387-5190
SFMS: Frank Decaminada, 795 Nile Dr Alpharetta GA 30022 (770) 992-5198


by Marge Collins

This contest is for slide or video presentations relating to the earth sciences. Each is to be submitted in one of the 5 classes below.
Class 1: EDUCATIONAL - about geology, minerals, gems, fossils, etc.
Class 2: FIELD COLLECTING (one or more sites) - some geology, sample specimens, collecting
techniques and other aspects of collecting should be included.
Class 3: "HOW-TO-DO-IT" - Covering carving, fossil prep., lapidary techniques/equipment,
faceting, metalwork, jewelry design, etc.
Class 4: JUST FOR JUNIORS: any of the above especially for youngsters.
Class 5. EXCELLENCE IN EDUCATION - for programs available for sale: contact coordinator.
Any club or society or members of a club or society which paid 1998 dues to a regional federation of the AFMS is eligible to enter this contest.
April 15, 1998
* Submit a copy. Winners will be contacted for copies for regional libraries. * May be live action with narration or a static presentation of slides/pictures with narration.
*Must be 35mm in standard slides. * must be relatively new originals on Kodak compatible film to allow duplication. For exceptions, contact coordinator. * Must be spotted for projection. Preferred is a red dot in the lower left corner. *Must be numbered, matching a written script and coded with the entrant's initials. *A script should be typed, double-spaced on 8 1/2 X 11 paper, ready for duplication. This written narration should indicate when each slide is to be projected. Audio tapes are appreciated, but do not replace script. Keep a copy of the script.
Adult programs - 40 minutes is optimum
Juniors - 20 minutes suggested maximum.
Maximum slides suggested are 138. (+ 2 award slides)
Fill out the entry form and ship with your carefully packed presentation to AFMS Program Competition, Coordinator, Marge Collins, 3017 Niles-Buchanan Rd., Buchanan, MI 49107-9443, phone (616) 695-4313
Please include SASE for notification of receipt. Reasonable safety precautions will be taken by AFMS
Each program will be judged on its own merits, not against others. You may request a copy of the judging form and "Tips For Good Programs" from your Federation Library Coordinator. Send SASE with request.
*Accuracy of information, *Educational Value, *quality of photographs/visuals, *completeness of story, * A narrative that reads/moves well from one slide/view to the next, *presentations that create interest in the hobby or present ideas that can be tried, *Title, credits, and "end" slides/scenes, Phonetic spelling of unfamiliar words in the script are helpful. - Entrants will
receive a composite score sheet.
A $100 cash prize for the highest scoring program in Classes 1-4, with 95 points or more. All first place winners receive national recognition and are made available to clubs across the country via the Regional Program Libraries. Winners will be announced at the AFMS Awards Banquet, Houghton, MI, Aug 15, 1998.
By entering this contest, all winners grant permission for AFMS to duplicate their program for the
Regional Federation Program Libraries. Winning slides are returned after duplication by
professional service. Runner-up entries will be returned within 30 days after the AFMS
Convention. Some Federations may request duplicates of runner-ups.


I(we) submit this program _______________________________________________________

To be entered in (check one) _______ Class 1 _______ Class 2 _______Class 3 _______Class 4

______ "EXCELLENCE IN EDUCATION" (Programs available for sale)

Name of Club_________________________________________________________________

Regional Federation ____________________________________________________________

I/We have read the rules and agree to abide by them

Name (Please Print)____________________________________________________________

Office (If club entry)____________________________________________________________

City, State, Zip________________________________________________________________

Is this program for sale? _______NO _______Yes - Cost?_______________

Material in this Newsletter may be duplicated for non-commercial purposes with attribution. For
commercial use, the individual author(s) must be contacted for approval.



Are you an artist? If so, there are a bunch of bulletin editors out here who would love to showcase your art. But, not your watercolor of Aunt Sarah's garden. What the editors need are hobby related drawings - fossils, crystals, rockhounds, rockhound tools, - ANYTHING to do with our hobby. You wouldn't believe how few royalty free pictures there are out there that represent the hobby.

So - how about some help? If you send pictures to me, I can scan and then e-mail the pictures to the needy bulletin editors as well as print copies for non e-mail editors.

Details - The drawings should be black and white with minimal shading. For better appearance, they should be fairly large - � page or more. These look far better when scanned and reduced than when a small picture is scanned directly. The drawings should not be overly complex in that they should be effective in sizes from about 1 inch to 5 inches.

I can easily imagine a hundred pictures that might be used. I couldn't draw a one of them well enough to use. But YOU can, and we editors would love to use them.
Start drawing!
Please send to Mel Albright, Rt. 3 Box 8500, Bartlesville, OK 74003-9203.

A volunteer instructor began giving ballet lessons to inmates at a prison. A number of the students became quite proficient. The authorities agreed to allow them to have a recital open to the public The invitations were for IN DE PEN DANCE DAY.

Heading west out of Ramona on California state highway 78 one comes across Rancho Villa Road, just off Rancho Villa Road is Kings Villa Road and Rustic Villa Road. Shortly after that one passes Weekend Villa Road followed by Vacation Villa Road. Finally there is Pancho Villa Road.

What direction does a sneeze travel? Atchoo


It's Just Dust -- Isn't It?
Part I
Peter R. Girardot, PhD
Chair, Safety Committee, SCFMS

Whenever we grind or polish anything, we make fine dust, fine particles called particulates. In our clubhouses, some particulates can be seen in the air, but some are too fine to be visible. We don't worry about them because they "are not there" (we can't see them). We grind with water or oil, which keeps down the dust. We also wear aprons to keep the spray from our clothes. When the droplets dry out, then we have particulates on our aprons. We wipe them off and that takes
care of the problem. What about the particulates that sprayed into the air instead of onto our clothes? They dry out in the air and end up as solid particulates. So even if we grind wet, there are solid as well as liquid particles produced in the air.

Fine particulates are defined as solid or liquid matter in a finely divided state, specifically smaller than 0.0001 meter (or 10 micrometers) in size. "Dust" this size is breathed easily all the way into the lung, down to its deepest parts. Coarser particles are caught in the nose and throat, and are expelled. They are generally no problem. With the fine particulates, though, we are not so lucky. Once deep in the lung, they take up residence and cannot be removed. These are the ones to worry about, especially when they are less than 5 micrometers in diameter.

All particles will settle out to the ground eventually, so perhaps we can just wait and they will go away. Not so, because such fine particulates stay suspended in air almost indefinitely. Part of the reason is that they are similar in size to large molecules and are kept in motion by the impact of air molecules that are also in constant motion. Tests made recently in California
measured the particles left in the air from fireworks. Particles were still detected on July 19 fromthe July 4 fireworks.

Why worry about these fine particulates? They're inert, aren't they? That depends on the chemical nature of the dust. Many of our cabbing or faceting materials are silicates, the most abundant minerals on the faceof the earth, and most silicates contain free silica. Silica and silicates make silica and silicate dust. Silica is the worst because of the way the body tries to
accommodate the deposition of such dusts in the deep lung. The reaction of the body is to try to protect itself. It creates a sac around the particle which is on the inner surface of the lung. The growth of cells to produce the sac is risky in that it
may produce cells randomly and end up as cancer. That takes years for the slowly developing forms of silicosis, but eventually your body or mine may or may not be able to adapt successfully to the situation. Slowly developing forms of "dusty lung disease", bronchitis or silicosis are the ones most artists and craftsmen need to worry about. .

Breathing such dusts from grinding or faceting may never be a problem if you are old enough to die of something else first. Failing that, it is a crapshoot to breathe such dusts. The conclusion is that it is a risk I don't care to take. As an example, I have bought a number of uncut opals over the years, but have never cut one until I recently had a ventilation
hood installed over my cutting area. Opals are silicates. Many other minerals are not silicates, but their dust is toxic for
different reasons. The same criteria apply to them as far as breathing the dust is concerned, but that is the topic of another safety article and so is asbestos, a silicate.

Which silicas are toxic? Crystalline silica is highly toxic, causing silicosis. After about 10 or 20 years, chest X-rays begin to show scar tissue. The first symptoms are a dry cough and shortness of breath. Lung function tests change. After a certain point, the disease becomes progressive, even with the elimination of further exposure to silica dust. Emphysema, smoking,
aging, and increased susceptibility to lung infection are complicating factors. Trydimite and cristobalite forms are more toxic than the quartz and tripoli forms of silica. Silicates such as soapstone, talc, vermiculite and clay usually contain bound silica, but may have large amounts of free silica, hence may be toxic. Silicates themselves are slightly toxic by inhalation.

There is no substitute for good personal hygiene in the workshop. In the next article on this subject, the ways of controlling fine dusts and particulates will be covered, to lead to good personal hygiene, whether in a home workshop or in a club's shop.
(1) "The Artist's Complete Health and Safety Guide", Monona Rossol, Allworth Press, N. Y. 1990
(2) "Artist Beware", Michael McCann, Lyons and Burford Publishers, N. Y. 1992
(3) "Environmental Chemistry", Colin Baird, W. H. Freeman and Co., N. Y.,1995 Further articles
to come: Part II. Control and ventilation for dusts and particulates. Part III. Hazards from other
dusts besides silica and silicates; hazards from asbestos.


by Lyle G. Gable
from Jax Gems 8/95
(Honorable Mention in 1996 AFMS Adult Article Contest)

Jade and the color green are so inexorably linked that many people believe all jade to be green. Theoretically, pure jade, both nephrite and jadeite, should be white. Metallic salts in the form of oxides and silicates present, either alone or in combinations, and in varying degrees, are responsible for the vast array of colors, hues, shades, tints and tones, including multi-colors
possible in jade. In rare instances, four or five colors may appear in a single stone. The green of jadeite is produced by chromium, the green of nephrite by iron. 'The degree of coloring agent present is presumed to determine the intensity of the color, a supposition partially refuted by the occasional occurrence of near- white nephrite with a high iron content.

That jade has a wide range of colors is not in dispute, but opinions differ as to whether jadeite or nephrite has the greater range. What is probably the majority view is stated by Gerald Hamrich in The Handbook of Jade. He writes the color range of jadeite exceeds that of nephrite. The opposite view is expressed in Judith Moorhouse's Collecting Oriental Antiques. Ms. Moorhouse contends that the range of nephrite is the greater.

In common with jades of other colors, white jade can be of many shades. While the near-whites and off-whites are not extremely scarce, a true, pure-white jade is rare. Again, there are conflicting opinions. Paul Desautels writes in The Sometimes Green Stone that a pure white jade is almost surely jadeite. Oscar Luzzatto-Bilitz claims in his Antique Jade that only jade (nephrite) and not jadeite can be pure-white.

Such unusual jade colors as red, lavender, blue, mauve and purple are acknowledged but the existence of pink jade is very much in doubt. Of twenty books treating, in whole or in part, with jade and its colors, eight list pink as a color for either jadeite, nephrite or both. Authors expressing opposite beliefs are Joan M. Hartman and Richard Gump. Mrs. Hartman, in her
Chinese Jade of Five Centuries concludes pink jade is non-existent, 'having never found even one example in the course of her researches. She also quotes Mr. Robert Crowningshield, a Director of the G.I.A., as stating that he had never encountered a single item of pink jade in twenty-five years of examining minerals. Mr. Gump's book, Jade: Stone of Heaven postulates the occurrence of pink jade and includes a color plate of what purports to be a pink nephrite cup. A few years ago, on a visit to the Norton Gallery in West Palm Beach, I may have seen a patch of pink jade. I am sure I saw a spot of pink on a water couple in the Chinese Collection. The collection catalog designated the area as pinkish blush but only tentatively identified the coupe as Burmese jadeite.

While it is probable that I will remain uncertain as to the existence of pink jade, it is even more
probable that I will continue to hear someone exclaim, "But I thought jade was always green!"

If you go for a job interview at a rubber stamp company, try to make a good impression.
Certain cooks have a shellfish attitude.
Why was six afraid of seven? Because seven eight nine.
Some people are on seefood diets: they see food ... they eat it.

by Fred Greef
from Washington Agate & Mineral Society Newsletter 1/95
(Honorable Mention in 1996 AFMS Adult Article Contest)

You may recall from my last article that the best grades of jade are rarely found and highly valuable. Of the two varieties of jade, high quality jadeite is rarer and more valuable than high quality nephrite.

Obvious questions at this point are: where can I dig jade or even, can I dig jade? Wade through this article and you just might find some. Jadeite is found in Central America, California and Japan, but northern Burma has the best quality and most plentiful supply. Unfortunately, you will have a tough time beating the Chinese dealers to the best rough jade solid in Burma, and you might have to settle for buying expensive Chinese carvings. China is world famous for the finest jade carvings ever produced. The artistry from the Chou Dynasty from 1122 BC to the end of the Han Dynasty in 220 AD has never been surpassed. It surprised me to learn that there are no known or historic sources of jadeite in China, and that most of the ancient Chinese carvings are nephrite jade from Turkestan.

The jade of Burma is jadeite. One deposit was estimated at 1,500 feet long by 600 feet wide. If it is 500 feet deep, it would weigh four and one- half million pounds. This hardly sounds rare, but Burmese jadeite comes in all grades and many colors. The best material is not common.

The few other world locations are quite limited in quantity and the quality is also poorer. Chinese importation of jade from Turkestan continued amid the mid-18th Century when Burmese jade first began to show up in large quantities.

Nephrite jade locations are much more common worldwide than jadeite. Wyoming, California and Alaska are the only states that have produced nephrite in good quality and quantity in this country. Washington has produced some jade in the Mount Vernon area and some has shown up on Olympic Peninsula beaches. There is only one known nephrite location in Oregon- down in the southwest comer in the Pistol River area. Wyoming has produced the best nephrite jade in the western hemisphere, but the supply dwindles every year. New Zealand and Turkestan also produce some of the world's finest
nephrite. Some fairly large nephrite deposits have been discovered in Australia in. the last 35 years, but they have not been of the quality of New Zealand jade.

Only nephrite jade has been discovered in Canada, and most of the known deposits are in British Columbia. The B.C. jade belt runs through the middle of the province from north to south. The best known deposits are in the Lillooet area with other large concentrations in the center and on the northern end of the belt. Much B.C. jade is carving grade and sold to China, with only a small amount of jewelry quality.

The good news is that gravel bars along the Frasier River are still open for public rock hounding.
You don't have to dig it, you simply pick it up. The only other close location that I am familiar with is our annual club trip to Deer Creek. I found two pieces on my first trip with the club. Naturally, the smaller one is the better of the two. But I
won't throw either one out because I found them.

Hale Sweeny - hale2@mindspring.com
Sends us
1) How long did the Hundred Years War last?
2) Which country makes Panama hats?
3) From which animal do we get catgut?
4) In which month do Russians celebrate the October Revolution?
5) What is a camel's hair brush made of?
6) The Canary Islands in the Pacific are named after what animal?
7) What was King George VI's first name?
8) What color is a purple finch?
9) Where are Chinese gooseberries from?&127;
10) How long did the Thirty Years War last?

1) 116 years, from 1337 to 1453.
2) Ecuador.
3) From sheep and horses.
4) November. The Russian calendar was 13 days behind ours.
5) Squirrel fir.
6) The Latin name was Insularia Canaria - Island of the Dogs.
7) Albert. When he came to the throne in 1936 he respected the wish of Queen Victoria that no
future king should ever be called Albert.
8) Distinctively crimson.
9) New Zealand.
10) Thirty years, of course. From 1618 to 1648.



Mel Albright

I write this editorial at the request of an anonymous member. The member noted a LARGE generation gap in the attitudes of some members about field collecting.

What upset the member was the willingness and even eagerness of some younger members to break the heck out of BLM rules for field collecting for their own convenience. The details don't matter. The attitude may matter a great deal. Breaking BLM rules about vehicles or tools or whatever can ONLY result in even harsher rules OR TOTAL PROHIBITION of field collecting.

The AFMS Code of Ethics, if followed, would easily prevent such attitudes. What I wonder is "Did those younger members ever even HEAR of the Code?" Had any of their club officers ever emphasized the importance of the code to ALL the members, but especially, NEW members.

So - how about YOUR club? Have you read those rules out in a meeting lately? Have you given
copies to all the members? Have you talked about their importance? If not, it is time.

Repeat after me - - - - - -

"Code of Ethics"

� I will respect both private and public property and will do no collecting on privately owned land without the owner's permission.
� I will keep informed on all laws, regulations or rules governing collecting on public lands and will observe them.
� I will, to the best of my ability, ascertain the boundary lines of property on which I plan to collect.
� I will use no firearms or blasting material in collecting areas.
� I will cause no willful damage to property of any kind - fences, signs, buildings, etc.
� I will leave all gates as found.
� I will build fires in designated or safe places only and will be certain they are completely extinguished before leaving the area.
� I will discard no burning material - matches, cigarettes, etc.
� I will fill all excavation holes which may be dangerous to livestock.
� I will not contaminate wells, creeks, or other water supplies.
� I will will cause no willful damage to collecting material and will take home only what I can reasonably use.
� I will support the rockhound project H.E.L.P. (Help Eliminate Litter Please) and will leave all collecting areas devoid of litter, regardless of how found.
� I will cooperate with field-trip leaders and those in designated authority in all collecting areas.
� I will report to my club or federation officers, Bureau of Land Management or other authorities, any deposit of petrified wood or other materials on public lands which should be protected for the enjoyment of future generations for public educational and scientific purposes.
� I will appreciate and protect our heritage of natural resources.
� I will observe the "Golden Rule," will use "Good Outdoor Manners," and will at all times conduct myself in a manner which will add to the stature and public "image" of rockhounds everywhere.



� Camel's milk does not curdle.
� Many hamsters only blink one eye at a time.
� In every episode of Seinfeld there is a Superman somewhere.
� Murphy's Oil Soap is the chemical most commonly used to clean elephants.
� Since 1896, the beginning of the modern Olympics, only Greece and Australia have participated in every Games.
� Barbie's measurements if she were life size: 39-23-33.
� February 1865 is the only month in recorded history not to have a full moon.
� Giraffes have no vocal cords
� Cat's urine glows under a blacklight.
� An iguana can stay under water for 28 minutes.
� The first Ford cars had Dodge engines.
� Leonardo Da Vinci invented scissors.



A.F.M.S. Newsletter is published monthly by the American Federation of Mineralogical Societies.
A.F.M.S. Central Office
Dan McLennan, P. O. Box 26523
Oklahoma City, OK 73126-0523
(405) 682-2151
A.F.M.S.Newsletter Editor
Mel Albright, Rt. 3 Box 8500
Bartlesville, OK 74003
(918) 336-8036
or mela@galstar.com
Address maintenance and mail labeling are the responsibility of the AFMS Central Office. All changes and questions should be sent there. The President and the Bulletin Editor of each member club should receive the Newsletter. All others may subscribe. The publisher does the actual mailing.
Any communication concerning the content or format of the Newsletter should be sent to the editor.
Material may be duplicated for non-commercial purposes with attribution. For commercial use,
the individual author(s) must be contacted for approval.

DEADLINE - 10th of the month preceeding the month of issue. Example: Feb. 10 for March issue

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